Problems 32: The October Revolution, 100 Years On
- A World Without Bolsheviks? by Gwydion M Williams
- What would our world be like if the Bolsheviks had not taken power?
- The Russian Revolution, by Brendan Clifford
- The Tsarist state had broken down. A landlord restoration was being prepared regardless of what Lenin had done.
- The Bolsheviks and Orthodox Christianity by Peter Brooke
- How the Bolsheviks tried variously to suppress, discourage or incorporate Russia’s traditional religion
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Problems 28: Asocialism: Part One; The Muon and the Green Great Dragon.
- Why Muons were real, even when no one had believed they should exist. Or could explain why they did exist.
- Why atoms are not really ‘a hole in a hole’.
- Why any native English speaker would know that a ‘green great dragon’ was bad English, but would be unlikely to know why.
- How the question ‘why’ is very different for human matters and for the physical universe.
- How religions came in waves of ideas, and gave us ways to organise our thinking that had not existed before.
- How religions show their human origin, by always supposing that it was a universe made as a dwelling for humans and similar creatures
Also available as a PDF, Problems 28 – The Muon and the Green Great Dragon
Che Guevara Approved of Stalin. This contradicts the popular image, which links him to 1960s Hippy culture. But he was quite definite on the point.
Brendan Clifford explaining why ‘De-Stalinisation’ was a wrong turn, well before the Soviet decline and fall.
Medvedev on Stalin. A study from 1980, when the Soviet system was still strong. It shows that the attempt by Soviet political writer Roy Medvedev to Khrushchev’s attempt to define a ‘Stalinism’ distinct from Leninism was nonsense. All the Old Bolsheviks had similar ideas. All of them had a similar willingness to crush and denounce opponents. Stalin alone was a competent politician when Lenin was no longer there to give guidance.
Soviet Socialism and Law. A survey of Soviet legal theory. This shows that an authoritarian attitude was general among Bolsheviks, and indeed was found in many other thinkers. That Stalin’s own views were relatively moderate.
Market Socialism in the Soviet Union. A study from the late 1960s, that strongly criticised the economic reforms that were introduced under Khrushchev. And looks at economic theories of the superiority of market mechanism, which had a lot in common with the New Right ideas applied in the West in the 1980s.
Marxism and Market Socialism. A second study from the late 1960s, which suggests that economic theorists in the Soviet Union had got into a complete muddle about what was or was not a commodity. And a history of the idea of Market Socialism.