Problems Magazine – Older Issues

Problems 19-20.  The British Establishment Planned World War One.
From the late 19th century through to 1914, many Britons feared Germany’s growing success in world trade.  Some politicians and officials made secret arrangements to weaken Germany by a war.  These were hidden even from most Cabinet ministers.
Available here as a PDF, Problems 19-20.

Problems 17-18How Mao Greatly Strengthened ChinaDeng build on the foundations made by Mao.  The economy tripled during Mao’s rule, and life expectancy increased more than for equivalent poor countries.
Also available as a PDF, Problems 17-18 – China’s Maoist Foundations

Problems 15.  Iraq and International Law.   The United Nations as a 20th Century Myth.   The United Nations War on Iraq in 1991.   Encouraging Iraqi Rebels in April 1991.   Looking Back in 1991 at East Germany’s collapse.   The Failed Russian Coup of 1991Warning in 1991 About a War Against Serbia.  (Republication of articles by Brendan Clifford.  Judgements that have stood the test of time.)
Available as a PDF: Problems 15-16.

Problems 14.  Why the Anglosphere Can’t Impose Democracy;   What We Owe to Vietnam’s General Giap.
Available as a PDF: Problems 14.

Problems 13.  British Distortions of German Motives in World War One.  How Pan-Germanism was not what British writers claimed,
Available as a PDF: Problems 13.

Problems 11-12. Available as a PDF: Problems 11-12 the Minimum Wage up to the First Labour Government.

Problems 09-10.  Available as a PDF: Problems 09-10 Ireland under the British Minimum Wage System.

Problems 07-08.  The 1831 Trial of William CobbettA key moment in establishing freedom to support popular discontent.  Available as a PDF: Problems 07-08 the Trial of William Cobbett.

Problems 05-06.  How William Cobbett went from Anti-Jacobin to supporter of rural protests.  (The 1830 ‘Captain Swing‘ riots, violent enough to be called a Rural War.)  Available as a PDF: Problems 05-06 – Cobbett on Rural War.

Problems 04. The East European Leninist Collapse of 1989-90,   Gorbachev ‘s Failure, Foreseen in 1990,   The Irish State in 1990  , Afterword About Gorbached and Putin (from 2010).    The main articles were written between the collapse of Leninism in Eastern Europe in 1989, and its collapse in the Soviet Union in 1991.  Also available as a PDF: Problems 04 – the Soviet State in 1990.

Problems 03. Gorbachev and Islam, reconsidered in 2010A 1988 view seeing Gorbachev’s economic reforms as failingA 1988 view seeing Islam as a new Ideology Of ProgressThoughts on Socialism And Private Property.  Also available as a PDF: Problems 03 – Soviet Politics and Islamic Politics.

Problems 02. Available as a PDF: Problems 02 – the 1986 Irish Divorce Referendum.

Problems 01. Available as a PDF: Problems 01 – German Industrial Relations, 2010.

Previous Series (Series 2)

Workers Control – the Lost Chance of the 1970s.

Available as a PDF, P2 – 1, The 1970s Debate on Workers Control.

Available as a PDF, P2 – 2, The 1970s Debate on Workers Control.

Available as a PDF, P2 – 3, The 1970s Debate on Workers Control.

Available as a PDF, P2 – 4, The 1970s Debate on Workers Control.

Available as a PDF, P2 – 5 The 1970s Debate on Workers Control.

Available as a PDF, P2 – 6 The 1970s Debate on Workers Control.

Series One.

Issue 76: Nation States existed long before the Peace of Westphalia.

Issue 65: Crusaders, Nomads and Conquistadors.  Conquerors Before Modern Imperialism.

Issue 63: Why The Ming Sea Voyages Led To Nothing.  Imperial China had better ships than Columbus or Vasco da Gama, and sailed earlier.  But nothing much changed.

Issue 62: Civilisation Alley: A Band of Pre-Industrial Empires from Britain to Sri Lanka.

Issue 60: The religious roots of Britain’s Industrial Revolution.
Also available as a PDF: Problems of Socialism and Capitalism 60 – Hells’ Puritans.

Issue 59: Mary Shelley’s misinterpreted Frankenstein.
Also available as a PDF: Problems of Socialism and Capitalism 59 – Frankenstein, the monster as victim.

Issue 44: The Don’t-Care State.  A criticism in 1995 of the attack on Welfare.